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Diabetes And Its Details

Diabetes And Its Details

Diabetes And Its Details

Diabetes And Its Details: Diabetes is a kind of physical condition, When our blood glucose increases too high it called Diabetes. To know properly about it, we have to know the answers to some basic questions.

What is blood glucose level..????

Blood Glucose is the main type of sugar in our blood, The main source of energy, the fuel of our body cells for functioning.

From where Glucose comes to our blood flow.??

Glucose comes to our blood-flow indirectly from the food we intake and directly from the liver. Then the glucose enter into the body cells from blood-flow

How Glucose moves to body cells from blood flow..?

Pan-crease- an organ release a hormone in our blood named Insulin. Insulin directs the blood glucose into our all our body cells. In easy terms, Insulin works like a key that helps to open the lock of cells for entering glucose.

 

How glucose level rise in our blood flow…?

Some times our body doesn’t make enough insulin or insulin doesn’t work the way it should. Movement of glucose from the blood to body cell decrease with the level of insulin decrease in blood. As a result, Glucose stays in our blood and doesn’t reach our body-cells. With this process, Blood-glucose levels get too high and cause diabetes.

 

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 Classification 

There are 3 types of diabetes. Type-1,Type-2 and gestational diabetes..

Type-1:  Type 1, which used to be called insulin-dependent diabetes develops most often in young people. Anyway, type 1 diabetes can also develop in adults. In type 1, our body no longer makes insulin of the body’s immune system, which normally protects has attacked and destroyed the cells that make insulin.there’s found an absolute lack of insulin. People with type-1 needs insulin for survival.10% of total diabetes are type-1

Type-2: Type 2, which used to be called insulin-independent diabetes, can affect people at any age, even children. However, type 2 develops most often in middle-aged and older people.it occurs when the production of insulin is not enough or the insulin produced does not work properly.  90% of diabetes is likely to be type-2.

Gestational diabetes:- This type can develop when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant. Women make hormones that can lead to insulin resistance. Most pregnant women develop insulin resistance at a later stage of pregnancy. If there doesn’t make enough insulin during pregnancy, a woman develops gestational diabetes.

            Symptoms:

            • Frequent urination
            • Excessive thirst
            •  Extreme hunger
            •  Unexplained weight loss
            •  Increased fatigue
            •  Irritability
            •  Blurred vision
            •  Itching of the private parts in women
            •  Slow healing of cuts and wounds
            •  Impotence-failure to sustain an erection.
            •  Numbness, burning sensations, pins, and needles of the feet and hands

 

                Risk factors:-  Risk factors that are not modifiable.

            1. Advancing age
            2. Family history

                Risk factors are modifiable…..

            1. Overweight and obesity
            2. Tobacco and alcohol use
            3. Unhealthy diet
            4. Physical inactivity

              Diagnosis:-

              •  A fasting blood sugar level of more than 7mmol/l is referred to as diabetes (fasting means a person has not eaten overnight or for the last 8 hour)
              • A random blood sugar of more than 11.1mmol/l is referred to as diabetes.

 

              Management:-  

A total cure is not possible in the treatment of it. What we can do is control or management.

              • Appropriate diet and physical activity is important in maintaining diabetes in control
              • Try to Reduced the intake of animal fat, salt, and refined foods.
              • Foods high in fiber, vegetables, and fruits should be encouraged to intake regularly.
              • Eat a variety of foods
              • Try to a frequent small meal rather than 3 big meal
              • Alcohol and tobacco products use have to avoid.
              • Water is essential for normal body functioning. Drink minimum Eight Glass of water per day.
              • Try to increase insulin sensitivity by emphasizing on a physical activity like walking, running, swimming, jogging, cycling
              • Non-drug method rather than drug method should be encouraged in community
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